Little-Known American Tower Clock Makers


© Donn Haven Lathrop, 2001

Byram -- Green -- Hasham (Hassam) -- Holbrook -- D. Brooke Johnson --

Nels Johnson -- Morrill -- Pollhans -- Soderquist -- Van Riper --

Joseph Barborka Clocks
Western Tower Clock Manufactory,
Iowa City, Iowa

Clock #	City		State	Date	Clock?	Building
	Iowa City	IA		Y	City Hall
	Iowa City	IA	1885	Y	St. Mary's Church
	Iowa City	IA		N	Dostel Brewery
	Sioux City	IA	1901	--	U.S. Court House,
						Post Office, and Court House

#17	Rock Island,	IL	1901	*	Rock Island Lines
						Passenger Depot

	Louisville,	KY	1899	N	Post Office

	Minneapolis	MN	--	*	Federal Courts Building

	St. Joseph	MO	--	--	Post Office

#15	Omaha,		NE		Y	Post Office

#9	Carson,		NV		Y	Post Office

	New York City	NY	1899	**	McAlpin Hotel
* Now in a private collection.
** Street, or post, clock, location unknown.

Some 30 tower clocks are said to have been made by Barborka between 1876 and 1921, but the exact number is not known.


Ephraim Niles Byram & Sherry & Byram Clocks,
Sag Harbor, Long Island, New York

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City		State	Clock?		Building		Date
Lagrange GA N (remains) Lagrange Female 1851 Institute Louisville KY N Walnut Street 1855 Baptist Church McConnellsburg PA Y (remains) Belvidere NJ Y Warren County * Court House Elmhurst, L.I. NY N St. James' Episcopal 1850 Church Hempstead NY Y St. George's Church 1852 New York NY N City Hall 1853 Rochester NY N Plymouth Church 1856 Sag Harbor, L.I.NY N Methodist Church 1838 Sag Harbor, L.I.NY Y (Elec'f'd.) Presbyterian Church 1845 West Point NY ?? West Point 1858 Military Academy Lexington VA N* Virginia Military 1852 Institute
* There is the possibility that the Belvidere clock came from Lexington, Virginia. Civil War history records that Major General David Hunter left Virginia Military Institute a "gutted ruin" after his raid in 1864, and the history of the Belvidere clock is rather unclear.


Josiah Green Tower Clock
Salisbury, New Hampshire

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City State Date Clock? Building Salisbury NH 1839 Y Baptist Church



Stephen Hasham Tower Clocks
Charlestown, New Hampshire

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Model	City		State	Date	Clock?	Building
X1	Pittsfield,	MA	1822	Y****	First Congregational Church

X2	Alstead, 	NH	--	Y**	Alstead Congregational Church
I	Charlestown,	NH	1823	N*	South Parish Church
II	Charlestown,	NH	1843	Y***	South Parish Church
II	Cornish Flat,	NH	1844?	Y	Church
II	Haverhill,	NH	1844	Y***	Congregational Church

I	Troy,		NY	1824	Y	First Baptist Church

I	Windsor,	VT	1817	Y**	Old South Church
I	Norwich,	VT	1817	Y	Congregational Church
II	Springfield,	VT	1844	Y	Methodist Church
* Burned in 1843.
** Now in a private collection.
*** Electrified.
**** Now in the Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield.

The model coding:
I denotes Series I clocks. Four of these were made between 1815 and 1820.
X I and X 2 denote two evidently experimental clocks built in the early 1820's.
II denotes Series II clocks. Four of these were built between 1843 and 1845.

For more information on Hasham clocks, see NAWCC BULLETIN # 293.


Major George Holbrook &
George Handel Holbrook Clocks
East Medway (now Millis), Massachusetts

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City		State	Clock?	Building			Date
East Windsor	CT	Y(GH)	Scantic Meetinghouse		1810
East Woodstock	CT	Y(GHH)					1834

Eastport	ME	Y(GHH)	Congregational Church		1836
East Machias	ME	Y(GHH)	Congregational Church		1836

Holliston	MA	U(GHH)	United Church*			1832
West Townsend	MA	Y(GHH)	First Bapt. Church		1834
Amherst		MA	N(GHH)	Repl. by S. Thomas 1888		1834
Leicester	MA	N(GH)	Meetinghouse			1803
Medway (Millis)	MA	Y(GHH)	Village Church			1850

Rahway		NJ	Y(GHH)	?				?

Chester		NH	N(GH)					1804
Keene		NH	N(GHH)	Repl. by Stevens 1867		1839

Brattleboro	VT	N(GH)	Centre Congregational Church**	1816
Chelsea		VT	Y(GHH)	Federated Church		1840

A clock in a private collection.  No further data.
(GH) Major George Holbrook (Father)
(GHH) George Handel Holbrook (Son)
Y = Yes
N = No
U = Unknown
_____________
*Only the frame and fan-fly remain. Replaced by a round-top E. Howard.
**George Holbrook (1816) in Centre Congregational Church, Brattleboro, VT, replaced 1864 by E. Howard round-top after steeple destroyed in a windstorm.


D. Brooke Johnson Tower Clocks
Ambler, Pennsylvania

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Model	City		State	Date	Clock?	Building
	Collegeville,	PA	1922	Yes	Memorial Building, Ursinus College
	Fort Washington,PA	192?	Yes	Elmer Dungan Residence
	Ambler,		PA	192?	Yes	Private collection of Johnson's son.



Nels Johnson "Century" Clocks
Manistee, Michigan

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Model	City		State	Date	Clock?	Building
	Los Angeles,	CA	1912	--	Los Angeles Times Bldg.
	San Jose,	CA	1909	--	Post Office, now Public Library

	Pottsville,	IA	--	--	--

	Chicago,	IL	1893	--	World's Fair-Michigan Bldg.

	Big Rapids,	MI	--	--	--
	Detroit,	MI	1891	--	Union Depot
	Detroit,	MI 	--	--	Post Office
	Holland,	MI	--	--	Bank
	Lansing,	MI	--	--	City Hall
1	Muskegon,	MI	1889	Y*	Lyman Building
	St. Joseph,	MI	--	--	Court House
3	Manistee	MI	1894	Y**	St. Joseph's Polish
						    Catholic Church
	Manistee,	MI	1893	--	First Methodist
						    Episcopal Church
	Manistee,	MI	1889?	--	Johnson's Machine Shop


2	Pelican Falls,	MN	1905	Y	Faith Church

	Rochester,	NY	1892	--	--

	Memphis,	TN	--	--	U. S. Customs House

	Milwaukee,	WI	--	--	City Hall
	Milwaukee,	WI	1890	--	Emmanuel's Evangelical
					    	    Lutheran Church
	Milwaukee,	WI	1891	--	Bethlehem Evangelical
					    	    Lutheran Church
3	Milwaukee	WI	1894	--	Zion Evangelical
					    	    Lutheran Church


Foreign Installations:
	Chengtu, West China	1914	--	Unknown
	Lucknow, India		1910	--	Isabella Thoburn College

* Now in a private collection.
**Electrified 1989 by I.T. Verdin

There are three known models of Johnson clocks. The first is a simple timepiece, illustrated in NAWCC Bulletin #294, Pg. 91, a time and strike, illustrated in Bulletin #108, Pg. 88; #271, Pg. 194, and a three train to strike the quarters, illustrated in #108, Pg. 86. All three clocks are also illustrated in the catalog published by Johnson, currently held by the NAWCC Library.

This list includes only 23 of the 50 to 60 clocks Johnson is thought to have made. Any further information as to the installations of clocks, and of their current existence would be much appreciated.

The St. Joseph Polish Catholic Church also strikes the Angelus. Whether this is a Johnson-design or a Verdin modification is not known.


Benjamin Morrill Tower Clocks
Boscawen, New Hampshire


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City		State	Date	Clock?	Building

Dover,		NH	1835	Y*	First Parish Church
Henniker,	NH	1835	Y**	Congregational Church
Orford,		NH	1850	Y***	West Street Church
Sugar Hill,	NH	1852?	Y****	Baptist Church
* The clock is now a jumble of bits and pieces in the attic of the church.
** The clock is now in the American Clock & Watch Museum, Bristol, CT.
*** The clock was installed in the early 1850's. The actual date is not known.
It may have been moved to this location from another building.
**** Now set up and running (no strike) in the Sugar Hill Museum, Sugar Hill, New Hampshire.


Phillip & Adam Edward Pollhans &
George J. Hoffman Tower Clocks
St. Louis, Missouri


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AL through IN -- KS through MO -- MT through PA -- RI through WY


City		State	Clock?	Building 				Date

Dadeville	AL	--	LaFayette County Courthouse		--

Malvern		AR	--	Hot Springs County Courthouse		--
Newport		AR	--	Jackson County Courthouse		--
Walnut Ridge	AR	--	Lawrence County Courthouse		--

Denver		CO	--	Denver Evening Post Building		--
Denver		CO	--	St. Elizabeth Church			--

Nashville	GA	--	Berrien County Courthouse		--

Alton		IA	--	St. Mary's Church (8 dials)		--
LeMars		IA	--	St. Joseph Church			--
New Vienna	IA	--	St. Boniface Church			--
Roselle		IA	--	Holy Angel Church			--

Alton		IL	--	Immaculate Conception Church		--
Alton		IL	--	Alton Banking & Trust Co.		--
Alton		IL	--	St. Mary's Church			--
Aviston		IL	--	St. Francis of Assisi Church		--
Bartelso	IL	--	St. Cecilia's Church			--
Beardstown	IL	--	National Bank				--
Breese		IL	--	St. Dominicus Church			--
Cairo		IL	--	St. Patrick's Church			--
Carlyle		IL	--	Immaculate Conception Church		--
Charleston	IL	--	Coles County Courthouse			1902
Fayetteville	IL	--	St. Poncratius Church			--
Freeburg	IL	--	St. Joseph's Church			--
Freeport	IL	--	St. Joseph's Church 327			--
Galva		IL	--	Swedish Lutheran Church			--
Germantown	IL	--	St. Boniface Church			--
Greenfield	IL	--	High School				--
Highland	IL	--	St. Paul's Church			--
Joliet		IL	--	St. John The Baptist Church, O.F.M.	--
Naperville	IL	--	SS. Peter & Paul Church			--
New Baden	IL	--	St. George Church			--
Peoria		IL	--	St. Joseph's Church			--
Quincy		IL	--	St. Boniface Church			--
Quincy		IL	--	St. Franciscan Convent & College	--
Quincy		IL	--	St. Francis Solanis Church, O.F.M.	--
Raymond		IL	--	St. Raymond's Church			--
Siegel		IL	--	St. Michael's Church			--
Springfield	IL	--	Sacred Heart Church			--
St. Louis	IL	--	Holy Trinity Church (6 dials)		--
St. Libory	IL	--	St. Libory's Church			--
Streator	IL	--	St. Anthony's Church (8 dials)		--
Teutopolis	IL	--	St. Francis Church			--
Trenton		IL	--	St. Mary's Church			1902
Trenton		IL	--	St. Mary's Church			--
Waterloo	IL	--	SS. Peter & Paul Church			--
White Hall	IL	--	Christian Church			--

Haubstadt	IN	--	SS. Peter & Paul Church			--
Jasper		IN	--	St. Joseph's Church			1903
Logansport	IN	--	St. Joseph's Church			--
St. Wendel	IN	--	St. Wendel's Church			--

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Topeka		KS	Elec.	St. Joseph's Church (8 dials)		1905

Hazard		KY	--	Perry County Courthouse			--
Louisville	KY	--	St. Boniface Church, O.F.M.		--

Alexandria	LA	--	St. Francis Xavier's Cathedral		--

Belle Plains	MN	--	SS Peter & Paul Church, O.F.M.		--
Cold Spring	MN	--	St. Boniface Church			--
Collegeville	MN	-- St. John's Abbey, O.S.B., & College Church 8D--
Fairfax		MN	--	Lutheran Church				--
Freeport	MN	--	Sacred Heart Church			--
Minneapolis	MN	--	Shoe Mart Store				--
New Prague	MN	--	St. Wenzeslaus Church			--
Richmond	MN	--	SS. Peter & Paul Church			--
Young America	MN	--	Lutheran Church				--

Augusta		MO	--	Evangelic Ebenezer Church		--
Berger		MO	--	Evang. St. Johannes Gemeinde		--
Cape Girardeau	MO	--	Missouri State Normal School		--
Chamois		MO	--	High School				--
Charleston	MO	--	Mississippi County Courthose		--
Concordia	MO	--	Protestant Church			1894
Edina		MO	--	St. Joseph's Church			--
Florissant	MO	--	Sacred Heart Church			--
Herman		MO	--	High School				1890
Jefferson City	MO	--	St. Peter's Church			--
Josephsville	MO	--	St. Joseph's Church			--
Marthasville	MO	--	Emmans Asylums				--
Memphis		MO	--	Scotland County Courthouse		--
Morison		MO	--	Assumption Church, O.F.M.		--
Rich Fountain	MO	--	Sacred Heart Church			--
Sedalia		MO	--	Pettis County Courthouse		--
St. Charles	MO	--	St. Charles' Church, S.J.		--
St. Louis	MO	--	A. Moll Grocery Store			--
St. Louis	MO	--	Protestant Seminary			--
St. Louis	MO	--	Benton-Bellefontaine R.R. Co.		--
St. Louis	MO	--	Anheuser-Busch Corporation		--
St. Louis	MO	--	St. Francis Xavier's Church, S.J.	--
St. Louis	MO	--	Evag. Bethlehem Lutheran Church		--
St. Louis	MO	--	Friedman's Shoe Factory			--
St. Louis	MO	--	St. Agatha's Church			--
St. Louis	MO	--	Globe Shoe & Clothing Co.		--
St. Louis	MO	--	Engine House No. 22			--
St. Louis	MO	--	Eden Seminary				--
St. Louis	MO	--	Our Lady of Perpetual Succor Church	--
St. Louis	MO	--	St. Joseph's Convent			--
St. Louis	MO	--	Mermod-Jaccard Jewelery Co.		--
St. Louis	MO	--	F. W. Drosten Jewelery Co.		--
St. Louis	MO	--	St. Liborious' Church			--
St. Louis	MO	--	Pilgrim Congregational Church		--
St. Louis	MO	--	St. Louis University & College Church	--
St. Louis	MO	--	Protestant Orphan Home			--
St. Louis	MO	--	St. Joseph's Church			1847
St. Louis	MO	--	J. Bolland Jewelry Co.			--
St. Louis	MO	--	Northwestern St.L.R.R. Co.		--
St. Louis C'ty	MO	--	August Busch, Grant Farm		--
St. Marys	MO	--	Immaculate Conception			--
St. Peters	MO	--	All Saints Church			--
St. Thomas	MO	--	St. Thomas Church			--
Ste. Genevieve	MO	--	Ste. Genevieve Church			--
Tipton		MO	--	St. Andrew's Church			--
Valley Park	MO	--	Sacred Heart Church			--
Warrensburg	MO	--	Johnson County Courthouse		1898
Washington	MO	--	St. Franz Borgia's Church		--
Weingarten	MO	--	Church of Our Lady of Help		--
Westphalia	MO	--	St. Joseph's Church			--

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Fayette		MS	--	Jefferson County courthouse		--
Macon		MS	--	Noxubee County Courthouse		--

Auburn		NE	--	St. Joseph's Church			--
Falls City	NE	--	St. Francis Xavier Church		--
Humphrey	NE	--	St. Francis' Church, O.F.M.		--
Madison		NE	--	St. Leonard's Church (G. Hoffman)	1914
Monterey	NE	--	St. Boniface Church			--

Jersey City	NJ	--	St. Paul's Church			--

Buffalo		NY	--	St. Stanislaus' Church (8 dials)	--

Cleveland	OH	--	B. Mahler's Business Block, Clock Tower	--
Dayton		OH	--	St. Mary's Church			--

Hugo		OK	--	Frisco Passenger Depot			--
Oklahoma City	OK	--	Live Stock Exchange Building		--

Mt. Angel	OR	--	St. Mary's Church			--

McKees' Rock	PA	--	St. Mary's Church			--

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Gainsboro	TN	--	Jackson County Courthouse		--
Rutledge	TN	--	Granger County Courthouse		--
Trenton		TN	Elec.	Gibson County Courthouse		--
Union City	TN	--	High School				--
Wartburg	TN	--	Morgan County Courthouse		--

Corn Hill	TX	--	Holy Trinity Church			--
Fredericksburg	TX	--	Immaculate Conception Church		--
New Braunfels	TX	--	SS. Peter & Paul Church			--

Medford		WI?		Courthouse				1913
Johnson Creek	WI	--	Lutheran Church				--
Reedsburg	WI	--	St. Peter's German Luth. Church		--

Elizabeth	WV	N	Wirt County Courthouse			--
Logan		WV	N	Logan County Courthouse			--
New MartinsvilleWV	N	Wetzel County Courthouse		--



Lars Soderquist Tower Clock
Bishop Hill, Illinois

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City			State	Date	Clock?	Building

Bishop Hill		IL	1859	Yes	Steeple Building



Austin Van Riper Clocks
Empire Works
Cazenovia, New York

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City			State	Date	Clock?	Building

Nashville		TN	1854	--	Howard School
Nashville		TN	1860	--	Court House

Saratoga Springs	NY	1855	--	
Cazenovia		NY	1874	Y	Methodist Episcopal Church

Randolph		VT	1974	Y*	Federated Church
*Installed 1974. Removed from an unknown church in western Vermont (allegedly West Addison) at an unknown date. May have since been sold.